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VEHÍCULOS TODOTERRENO POLARIS

CENTRO DE AYUDA

10/29/2020
Off-Road Vehicle Drive System Basics

Among the features on Polaris Off-Road Vehicles is All-Wheel Drive, which can be controlled with the All-Wheel Drive (AWD) switch. The switch and its location vary based on model.

The AWD switch on your Polaris RZR, RANGER or GENERAL has either two or three positions, depending on your model’s features. All switches have AWD and Two-Wheel Drive (2WD). The switch on models equipped with a lockable differential has a third position for turf mode. In turf mode, only one rear wheel is a drive wheel.

Position switches

Polaris ATVs feature a drive mode switch (5) on the right hand control, above the throttle.

A T V drive mode switch

Drive mode switches

ADC and X2 models feature Active Descent Control. More information on ADC can be found below.

Polaris ACE models and RANGER models equipped with ADC feature a different drive mode switch, which is pictured below.

Drive mode switch

Press and release the top of the switch to toggle through the drive mode options, which display in the information center of the gauge for several seconds.

Press and release the bottom of the switch to toggle to a previous option.

When the switch is released, the drive mode displayed in the information center is the active drive mode.

AWD Operation
When the switch is on 2x4, the vehicle is in Two-Wheel Drive at all times. When the switch is set to AWD, the vehicle is in All-Wheel Drive and the 4x4 indicator in the instrument cluster will be on.

When in AWD on any Polaris vehicle, the front gearcase automatically will engage any time the rear wheels lose traction. When the rear wheels regain traction, the front gearcase automatically will disengage.

There is no limit to the length of time the vehicle may remain in AWD.

Engaging AWD
AWD may be turned on or off while the vehicle is moving. Initially the vehicle’s electronic system will not enable AWD until the engine RPM is below 3,100. Once enabled, the AWD remains enabled until AWD is turned off. If the switch is turned off while the front gearcase is moving, it will not disengage until the rear wheels regain traction.

Engage the AWD switch before getting into conditions in which front wheel drive may be needed. If the rear wheels are spinning, release the throttle before switching to AWD. Switching to AWD while the rear wheels are spinning or slipping may cause severe drive shaft and gearcase damage. Always switch to AWD while the rear wheels have traction or are at rest.

Disengaging AWD
Move the AWD switch to the center or bottom position to disengage AWD. If the switch is turned off while the front hubs are driving, they will not release until the rear wheels regain traction.

In some situations, the front gearcase may remain locked after turning the AWD switch off. If this occurs, you may notice increased steering effort and some vehicle speed restriction. Perform the following procedure to unlock the front gearcase.

1. Stop the vehicle.

2. Operate in reverse for at least 10 feet (3 meters).

3. Stop completely.

4. Shift into low gear and drive forward.

5. If the front gearcase remains locked after following these instructions, see your Polaris Dealer for service.

Two-Wheel Drive and Turf Mode
Note that damage to the differential can occur if it is engaged while the vehicle is traveling at high speeds or while the rear wheels are spinning. Slow the vehicle to nearly stopped before engaging the differential.

Operating in 2WD on vehicles equipped with turf mode will lock the rear differential, meaning both rear wheels rotate at the same speed. Using 2WD in slippery or low traction conditions helps improve traction. Move the rocker switch to the center position (2WD) to operate in rear-wheel drive. Both rear wheels will rotate at the same speed.

Drive mode switch

Press the bottom of the switch to unlock the differential and allow the rear drive wheels to operate independently in turf mode. This mode of operation is well-suited to turf driving or whenever aggressive traction is not required.

When operating in turf mode, the inside rear wheel will rotate independently from the outside wheel during turns. Operate in turf mode only as needed to protect smooth, level surfaces from tire damage. Do not operate in turf mode when climbing or descending hills, when sidehilling or when operating on uneven, loose or slippery terrain such as grand, gravel, ice, snow, obstacles and water crossings. Operating in turf mode when on sloped, uneven or loose terrain could cause loss of control and result in serious injury or death. One rear wheel may slip and lose traction or may lift up and grab when it touches the ground again. Always operate in AWD on these types of terrain.

Engine Braking System
Some Polaris Off-Road Vehicles are equipped with an engine braking system (EBS). EBS automatically leverages compression from the engine to help maintain the speed of the vehicle as it drives. EBS works without any user input. EBS is useful when driving in hilly terrain or pulling a load. It is also useful for drivers who get in and out of the vehicle frequently, such as farmers or groundskeepers, and is beneficial to riders who want an easier, smoother driving experience. 

To find out if your vehicle is equipped with EBS, check the specifications page for your model on the Polaris Off Road website or ask your Polaris Dealer.

Active Descent Control for ATVs
On Polaris ATVs equipped with Active Descent Control, when the switch is on ADC, the ADC system allows engine braking to all four wheels when the vehicle descends a hill or incline. Always move the 4x4 switch to ADC 4x4 before ascending or descending a hill.

The ADC system automatically will engage when all four of the following conditions occur:

  • The 4x4 switch must be in the ADC 4x4 position.
  • Vehicle speed must be 15 mph (25 km/h) or less.
  • The throttle must be closed (throttle lever released).
  • The transmission must be in gear (high, low or reverse).

The ADC system automatically will disengage if at least one of the following conditions occur:

  • The 4x4 switch is moved out of the ADC 4x4 position.
  • Vehicle speed exceeds 15 mph (25 km/h).
  • The throttle is open (throttle is applied).
  • The transmission is shifted to neutral or park.
  • X2 models: The vehicle is on flat ground or not actively descending a hill.

Active Descent Control for RANGER
On RANGER models equipped with ADC, use the drive mode switch to engage ADC 4x4. The ADC system allows engine braking to all four wheels when the vehicle descends a hill or incline. Always operate in low gear and engage ADC 4x4 when transporting heavy loads and/or when towing. Always operate in low gear and engage ADC 4x4 before ascending or descending a hill.

The ADC system automatically will engage when both of the following conditions occur:

  • The drive mode must be in the ADC 4x4 position.
  • The transmission must be in gear (high, low or reverse).

The ADC system automatically will disengage if at least one of the following conditions occur:

  • The drive mode is changed from the ADC 4x4 position.
  • The transmission is shifted to neutral or park.

Identifying Drive Mode on Ride Command
On vehicles equipped with the 7-inch, seven-button Ride Command display, the vehicle's current drive mode is displayed in the upper left-hand corner of the screen.

Ride Command Icon

For more information on the operation of your vehicle, consult your Owner's Manual.
To find a Polaris Dealer near you, use the Dealer Locator.
To learn more about ride modes and ADC, listen to the Off-Road Vehicle Drive System Basics episode of the Polaris Podcast.

Palabra (s) clave 4x4 , 2x4 , AWD , all wheel drive , turf mode , 2WD , ADC , active descent control , ORV , ebs ,